A capnogram can tell a healthcare provider a lot about what might be happening to a patient. It may help in different diagnosis, treatment and planning of further treatment for the patient. End-tidal capnography monitoring devices provide almost immediate information about a patient's condition. This eliminates the need to wait for blood work, chest X-rays, and other diagnostic tests. End-tidal capnography monitoring devices can provide healthcare providers with early warning if a patient develops respiratory distress or respiratory failure.
Capnography monitoring device can help determine the severity of some respiratory conditions. It can also help differentiate some heart and respiratory disorders. Additionally, it can help determine how effective a treatment is. High CO2 levels may indicate a restrictive lung disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma. When patients use capnography monitoring device or receive respiratory therapy, watching their carbon dioxide levels may indicate whether the treatment is helping. If carbon dioxide levels are lowered through these interventions, then these treatments are working.
However, if a patient comes into the emergency room with shortness of breath but normal or low CO2 levels, it could mean that the patient has a heart-related problem, such as congestive heart failure. Further testing can confirm this, but it may help guide a healthcare provider's initial treatment and testing. End-tidal capnography monitoring devices can also help monitor the breathing status of patients during different medical procedures. During sedation procedures using end-tidal CO2 monitoring, respiratory drops can be detected earlier. Patients may receive too much sedation or have low tolerance to sedative medication. This can cause the patient to stop breathing or be unable to breathe effectively during the procedure. Knowing if a patient's respiratory status has changed is beneficial and leads to better patient outcomes.
For many years, end-tidal capnography monitoring device has been the gold standard in the operating room. This is because CO2 monitoring is beneficial for confirming endotracheal tube placement. Capnography is the most reliable and direct method of determining the position of the endotracheal tube. Let's say the patient is in the intensive care unit and the endotracheal tube is dislodged when the patient turns over in bed. With end-tidal capnography monitoring devices, healthcare professionals will be able to immediately identify endotracheal tube dislodgement and address the problem immediately.